Haizam Amirah Ferna.ndez is currently the Senior Analyst in the Mediterranean and Arab World Division at the Real Elcano Institute of International Studies and Strategies. Ferna.ndez specializes in international relations, political Islam, and democratic transition in the Arab world, where he lived for fifteen years. He has worked for the United Nations in New York andHuman Rights Watch in Washington, D.C., and has taught at Georgetown, St. Louis, and Barcelona universities. He is the author of numerous articles and co-editor of the book The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: Assessing the First Decade. Ferna.ndez is currently co-editing a book titled North Africa in Motion: The Limits of Transformation, which will be published in 2006.